Valium (DIAZEPAM) Overview: Anti-anxiety Medication

Introduction of valium

Valium is one of the world's most popular medications for anxiety, sleeplessness or insomnia, and alcohol withdrawal symptoms, even though various side effects might occur. The chemical compounds known as benzodiazepines, such as Valium, calm the brain by preventing neurons from flaring up. Valium increase the effectiveness of a chemical transmitter called GABA. Gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is an amino acid which is produced naturally in the brain. It functions as a neurotransmitter, facilitating communication among brain cells. GABA is responsible in switching off brain's main "off switch." The Four types of GABA receptors that switches on the outside of neurons are sensitive to benzodiazepines.

valium tablet
valium tablet

What is Valium used for?

Valium is the brand name type of diazepam, a benzodiazepine. Benzodiazepine, like Valium, slow down activity in the brain as sedatives or tranquilizers. Moreover, doctors prescribe Valium for anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, and sleeplessness (insomnia), but some individuals abuse Valium for its pleasurable relaxation effects.

Aside from anxiety, sleeplessness, and alcohol withdrawal symptoms treatment. It is also used to sedate people before some medical procedures. The drug initiates slight amnesia, which means these individual undergoing medical procedures cannot remember their medical experience, such as surgery.

Valium is recommended for anxiety disorder management or for the short-term alleviation of the symptoms of anxiety. Anxiety or nervousness linked with the stress of daily life normally does not need medication with an anxiolytic. In severe alcohol withdrawal, Valium may be helpful in the indicative relief of acute agitation, tremor, impending or acute delirium tremens and hallucinosis. Both alcoholic hallucinosis and delirium tremens have been believed as different symptoms of the same physiological activity in the body during alcohol withdrawal. Alcoholic hallucinosis is a much less serious diagnosis than delirium tremens.

Chemical Description of Valium

Valium, with generic name of diazepam, is a benzodiazepine class of medication. The chemical name of diazepam is 7-chloro-1,3-dihydro-1-methyl-5-phenyl-2H-1,4-benzodiazepin- 2-one. It is a colorless to light yellow crystalline mixture, which is insoluble in water. The empirical formula is C16H13ClN2O and the molecular weight is 284.75.

Valium is offered for oral administration as tablets containing 2 mg, 5 mg or 10 mg diazepam. In addition to the active ingredient diazepam, each tablet comprises the following inactive ingredients: anhydrous lactose, corn starch, pregelatinized starch and calcium stearate with the following dyes: 5-mg tablets contain FD&C Yellow No. 6 and D&C Yellow No. 10; 10-mg tablets contain FD&C Blue No. 1. Valium 2-mg tablets contain no dye.

The chemical description image of the valium
The chemical description image of the valium

How does valium work?

From the beginning of the psychopharmacological revolution that began during the 1950s, Valium (diazepam) is one of the most effective drugs. Effective in curing a wide variation of central nervous system (CNS) disorders, such as anxiety and epilepsy. It set the standard for pharmacotherapy in terms of effectiveness, start of action, and safety.

Diazepam like Valium is authorized for the therapy of anxiety, acute alcohol withdrawal, skeletal muscle spasm, and convulsive disorders such as status epilepticus. Valium is used for several other conditions including insomnia or sleeplessness, restless leg syndrome, and pre/post-operative sedation.

Valium which generic name is Diazepam, which also belongs to a group of medicines called benzodiazepines. This is prescribed for treatment of anxiety, sleeplessness, and alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Also used to sedate people before some medical procedures. Valium works by boosting the levels of a relaxing chemical in your brain. Valium can make you feel drowsy, relieve anxiety, stop seizures or relax tense muscles depending on your health condition.

The most widespread of all psychiatric conditions is Anxiety disorders. Along with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), there are over 40 million people in the United States that is diagnosed with panic disorder, agoraphobia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), or other types of anxiety disorders. Anxiety disorders and lack of therapy are common problems in both advanced and developing countries.


It is a non-steady dosage; diazepam produces impacts on attentional alertness and frighten responsive that are reliable with its anxiolytic activity. This might be a hidden factor through which benzodiazepines apply their helpful impacts in clinical tension.